GeoGen Script reference

Local variables are declared explicitly with the var statement:

var x;

Value can be assigned to the local variable during declaration:

var x = 5;

Global variables are declared in the same way with global statement:

global a;
global b = 5;

If a variable is not assigned a value during its declaration, it will be declared with null value.

All script defined variables are both readable and writable. Operator = can be used to assign a value to an variable.

x = 5;

Local variables can be accessed only in their scope and its nested scopes. Global variables can be accessed from anywhere (after the variable is declared). A runtime error is generated when code accesses an undeclared variable.

function f ()
a = 2;
a = 0; // runtime error, the "a" was not declared yet
f(); // runtime error again
global a = 1;
f(); // passes, "a" is now declared
var b = 1;
while(b > 5)
b = b + 1; // passes, "b" is declared in higher scope
var c = 8;
c = 5; // runtime error, "c" is not declared in this or higher scope

Some native variables declared by the runtime may be read-only (runtime error will be generated on an attempt to write into read-only variable).

A global variable must not share its name with any other global variable, otherwise a runtime error will be generated upon its declaration. A local variable must not share its name with any other local variable declared in the same scope. However, a local variable is allowed to share its name with a global variable and any number of local variables declared in higher scopes. Any references to that variable name will then refer to the closest variable declaration.

global a = 1;
function f()
var a = 2;
if (a == 2)
// true, the local "a" hides the global "a"
var a = 3;
if (a == 3)
// true, the inner "a" is the closest declaration
a = 4;
if (a == 4)
// false, the inner and outer "a" are different variables